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Art and Culture: Ancient Cnidus

From Datca, 29 km away by boat or car, you will find the ancient city of "new" Cnidus (Cnidos). Originally "old" Cnidus had been founded by settlers from Argos in 700 BC, at the location of the modern town of Datca.



About 360 BC Cnidus moved to its new location at the cape on the tip of the Datca Peninsula. By building a dam across the narrow channel located at Cape Crio (now Deve Boyun) two harbours were created. Warships and the southern for the trade ships used the northern harbour. Cnidus possessed power and wealth, which was documented by erection of a Treasure Chamber in the Delphi Apollo sanctuary. Some of those who lived and worked at Cnidus are the famous mathematician and philosopher Eudoxos, the sculptor Praxiteles, Skopas and Bryaxis and the architect Sostrates, the designer of one of the seven wonders of the ancient world; the Lighthouse of Alexandria.



You will enjoy a tremendous panoramic view as you walk along the ancient city walls to the 284 m. high Acropolis. The city was arranged in terraces on the hill slope. Near the city wall at the level of 40 meters. MSL the two stone bases of the round temple are located, which in ancient time once housed the famous, naked Aphrodite statue sculptured by Praxiteles. The sculpture has long since disappeared and archaeologists are still searching for her.



The importance and size of the city of Cnidus, also known as an ancient medical centre, is confirmed by the size of the lower amphitheatre with seating for 8.000 spectators. The Corinthian Temple, the Demeter Temple* the sundial, graves and numerous remains of buildings that can be seen far before arriving at the site of Cnidus.


*The famous Demeter and Lion Statue from Cnidus can now be seen in the British Museum in London.









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